Examine: Grade Retention on the Decline


A new research has shown that the practice of requiring a student to repeat a grade to additional academic progress – grade retention — declined from 2005 to 2010.

The study, “Patterns and Trends in Grade Retention Rates in the United States, 1995–2010,” reviewed the practice of grade retention more than the many years 2005-2010 in grades 1 via 9.  Also deemed in the research was how retention varied by grade, pupil socioeconomic status, race, gender, geography, parents’ educational attainment, family members construction, community setting, as nicely as how extended their family members had been residing in the United States.

The authors discovered that following reaching a peak in 2005 of 2.9%, retention rates overall fell to one.5% in 2009-ten across all pupil groups.  The largest decreases have been discovered among groups who had historically shown the highest retention prices, which contains boys and minority students.

General, 2.four% of students were discovered to have repeated a grade, such as six.2% of 1st graders.  The highest retention costs in that time had been located to be amongst first and ninth graders.  This pattern was consistent across all pupil groups and all geographic areas.

Between all grades, retention prices have been located to be highest amongst boys, blacks and Hispanics, in addition to college students of poorly-educated mothers and fathers, children who had single mothers and fathers, urban children, immigrants, and these living in Southern and Northeastern states.

“Grade retention could have considerable optimistic or unfavorable consequences for a student’s potential academic achievement,” explained John Robert Warren of the University of Minnesota, one particular of the study’s authors. “Given its expense for schools and its potential effect for students, practitioners and policymakers have had surprisingly minor data about how frequently students are manufactured to repeat grades.”

The authors did not devote time contemplating the reasons behind the lessen in retention charges, though they did say “they may possibly have to do with modifications in states’ accountability policies in conjunction with newly offered information from states’ longitudinal pupil tracking programs.”  Not many states had pupil data systems in area before 2005.

“Optimistically, it also could be the end result of earlier study that identified only mixed proof that retention prospects to far more understanding, but constant proof that it leads to larger dropout charges,” said Warren. The authors downplayed the likelihood that national economic trends or No Little one Left Behind were factors.

Information was utilized to discover a nationwide fee for grade retention from the Current Population Survey (CPS), performed in a partnership among the US Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.  The CPS has collected information concerning school enrollment that could be utilized to decipher grade retention given that 1995.  While some states do report grade retention prices, neither the Nationwide Center for Training Statistics or any other federal agency officially reviews on the info inside the US.

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