How to educate press freedom

The very first ever International Day to End Impunity for crimes against journalists will be held on Sunday two November by UNESCO to raise awareness about the truth that the vast majority of crimes towards media experts go unpunished.

On average, 1 journalist is killed per week, and but only a single in 10 situations of crimes towards journalists has led to a conviction. In other phrases, 631 journalists have been killed with total impunity given that 1992. Above the final decade a complete of a lot more than 700 media workers have been killed for bringing information and information to the public in accordance to UNESCO, a surprising statistic illustrated by the recent beheadings of American journalists James Foley and Steven Sotloff in Syria.

Teaching about the value of press freedom, and raising awareness of this crucial topic can be completed in a selection of ways.

You could focus on the International Day to Finish Impunity (IDEI) by asking pupils to explain what impunity means. If attacks on journalists go unpunished, what message does this send to the public and the perpetrators of such crimes? There is a short video on the IDEI website that highlights the scale of the issue. Challenge groups of pupils to create a video, role perform or poster of their personal on the theme of impunity.

If you want to look at the right to freedom expression, as outlined in Write-up 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the implications of its denial, start off with this lesson program and presentation by Amnesty International. Ask pupils to describe in their very own words what freedom of expression signifies. Who need to it apply to? Why is it critical? And why may possibly some organisations look for to avoid it?

Supplement the lesson with existing examples of journalists whose freedom of expression has been denied, this kind of as Dina Meza, a journalist from Honduras who has been threatened and harassed because of her efforts to investigate corruption and human rights violations. Right after studying about her situation, inquire pupils to contemplate what action they could consider to raise awareness of men and women like Meza. Thirty journalists have been killed in Honduras in the final four years. What do students feel should be carried out?

Take a appear at the UK’s press freedom ranking with this news report from the Guardian. It contains a map illustrating press freedom around the planet. Are college students surprised that 22 nations are ranked higher than the United kingdom? Functioning in groups, inquire them to select a single of the featured countries to study in better detail. Are students able to make connections among ranges of press freedom and ranges of democracy? If a nation does not have press freedom, is it probably to have a excellent human rights record or good defences towards corruption? Why?

As a follow up activity, pupils could develop a word wall of related terms this kind of as censorship, intimidation, justice, democracy, transparency, surveillance, dictatorship, harassment and propaganda.

The Committee to Protect Journalists estimates there are about twenty journalists missing in Syria including John Cantlie, the British war photographer and correspondent who was kidnapped in November 2012. The committee’s internet site also includes a wealth of data about the total amount of journalists about the globe who have been killed, imprisoned, exiled or gone missing considering that 1992. Students could use some of these statistics to produce an infographic about crimes towards journalists.

Reporters With out Borders is an additional helpful supply of details. Pupils could analysis and compose a news post in the type of this piece about the deaths of journalists that fail to make the headlines. Need to war reporters this kind of as James Foley have much more safety? This short video will offer further stimulus for debate.

You might also want to think about the balance amongst safeguarding the rights of the person with the public’s appropriate to know. Taking Liberties is an interactive resource created by the British Library that consists of a lesson on press freedom. Pupils take into account what information about celebrities or politicians might be in the public interest, and regardless of whether folks who inspire media interest forfeit their proper to privacy. The resource is supported by the Taking Liberties web site in which students can share their views by taking portion in an interactive poll.

Press regulation is examined additional in this topic manual from Debating Matters. College students check out claims that the British press is in need to have of tougher regulation. A separate guide about privacy considers whether or not the law ought to prevent the press from intruding into the private lives of public figures.

You’ll locate the most recent information about press freedom here, along with posts about human rights reporting and the Leveson inquiry into the culture, practices and ethics of the press.

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