The Finding out Network: Teaching About Children’s Rights Through the Operate of Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi

Credit score Adam B. Ellick/The New York Instances

Some people would danger something, even their lives, to communicate up for endangered youngsters. Earlier this month, two of them — 17-yr-old Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan and Kailash Satyarthi, 60, from India — had been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for carrying out just that.

In this lesson, we discover the concern of children’s rights close to the world. Teachers can start with an overview that introduces Ms. Yousafzai and Mr. Satyarthi and their function. Then, students can do even more analysis into international education, youngster labor, contemporary-day slavery and relevant subjects.


Warm Up | Start off by asking students, primarily based on their very own prior knowledge:

  • What rights and protections must young children all over the place have?
  • In what methods are kids close to the planet occasionally denied those rights and protections?

Then clarify to college students that the Nobel Peace Prize is a prestigious international award offered to a individual or group that promotes world peace. Preceding winners consist of such luminaries as such as the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Mom Teresa. This year’s prize was awarded to two men and women who have risked their lives to battle for children’s rights.

Ask students to view the video “The Producing of Malala,” over, and read through the post “Kailash Satyarthi’s Nobel Peace Prize Caps Decades of Fighting Little one Slavery in India” about the latest Nobel Peace Prize winners. (Note: Teachers should make certain the video is proper for their students.) For extra background, students can study the statement offered by the Nobel Committee. Then, use the following questions to aid manual a writing action or discussion.

Queries for Creating and Discussion

1. How did Ms. Yousafzai turn out to be a worldwide spokesperson for girls’ schooling? What people or events contributed to her increasing fame, even prior to she won her prize?

2. Her work in Pakistan practically expense Ms. Yousafzai her life. What do you feel motivated her to get this kind of risks?

three. How do you consider the youthful woman Malala changed over the course of producing the movie?

four. What factors or events influenced Mr. Satyarthi to dedicate his daily life to fighting kid slavery in India?

five. Was Mr. Satyarthi’s relative anonymity an benefit or disadvantage in attaining his goals, and how may the publicity of the Nobel Prize impact his function in the long term?

6. What does Mr. Satyarthi’s story have in common with Ms. Yousafzai’s? How are their stories various?


Lesson Ideas

The following educating tips can support students discover Ms. Yousafzai’s and Mr. Satyarthi’s function, and the basic topic of children’s rights, in better depth:

Understanding About Malala

Photograph
Malala Yousafzai at the United Nations final yr. Ms. Yousafzai, 17, is the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. Relevant ReportCredit score Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Just who is Malala Yousafzai and how did she entice the world’s interest?

View the video “The Making of Malala” and study this story about the real Ms. Yousafzai. For extra background, observe quick video clips on her meeting with President Obama and her views on almost everything from social media to Islam and marriage. Then contemplate:

  • How has Ms. Yousafzai grown into the role of currently being a worldwide spokesperson for girls’ schooling?
  • What attributes does she possess that make her such an efficient leader?
  • Is she a normal teenager who manufactured the very best of a hard scenario, or does she have unusual qualities that set her apart? Do you see any of these traits in your self or men and women you know?

Ratifying an Global Treaty on Children’s Rights

Do kids have a list of rights that are acknowledged close to the globe? In 1959 the United Nations issued its Declaration of the Rights of the Little one 30 many years later on it utilized a lot of of individuals suggestions to create a formal treaty, the Convention on the Rights of the Kid. Almost every country in the world has signed the treaty, with a single notable exception: the United States.

Brainstorm your very own list of the top five rights you believe must be protected beneath the law, and examine your listing with classmates. Then study the United Nations documents to see whether your checklist — or the rights that Ms. Yousafzai and Mr. Satyarthi have fought to safeguard — are covered by the declaration or the treaty. Up coming, use these sources to investigate why the United States Senate has so far declined to ratify the treaty:

Finally, consider writing a letter to your own United States senators in which you share your views on ratifying the treaty.

Taking Action Towards Child Labor and Slavery

PBS “New Heroes” episode on Kailash Satyarthi’s function to end youngster slavery in India

Observe this video by PBS, in which Kailash Satyarthi and his colleagues go on a secret raid to rescue young children who have been working below slave-labor problems at a quarry in India. Checklist the challenges that they encounter in not only liberating men and women who have been enslaved, but helping to give them a better potential.

Then research an additional case of forced child labor or slavery all around the world from The New York Occasions archives or from these 3 stories:

An additional choice? Search into the perform of the Occasions Op-Ed columnist Nicholas Kristof, who has covered youngster sex trafficking in depth, between several other human rights subjects. He presents 7 of the most unforgettable of those stories in his Inside the Brothels series.

Finally, make a speech, poster, display, web site or other public presentation describing the predicament and what can make it exclusive, and brainstorm ways in which you may possibly help to publicize or support efforts to finish kid labor and slavery.

Fighting for Education

Why do some grownups attempt to block youngsters from obtaining equal entry to schooling discriminate towards some youngsters based on their gender, economic standing or other aspects or lure children away from school at a younger age to operate? What other varieties of difficulties do youngsters and families face in receiving a high-quality schooling in different components of the planet?

Go through this article by Ms. Yousafzai’s instructor, as effectively as this commentary on the difficulties dealing with educators in Pakistan. You can also watch this 30-minute video documentary from 2009 that displays the challenges the youthful Ms. Yousafzai faced on a every day basis.

Then go through articles or blog posts about problems in at least two distinct nations from the record below, utilizing the backlinks advised or others you uncover on your personal. Style a visual of some kind in which you assess and contrast the conditions in each and every area, illustrating the similarities and differences.


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